Lyme infection is a disease caused by a bacteria called the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato. B. burgdorferi are only transmitted to humans by black-legged ticks through biting. Before you blame it all though on the tick, you have to know that the bacteria these ticks carry are from infected deer or mice that they’ve previously fed from. Most ticks, stick on the skin of its hosts even after they’ve fed from it, from the moment it has attached itself on the skin of its host, they count up to 48 hours before they transmit the infection they carry to their host. Although, many people who has acquired this disease may have no memory of a tick bite. Population living in areas near the woods are most likely to acquire this illness as they pose a higher risk of contracting with Lyme infected insects.
There are three stages in which the symptoms of Lyme disease can be detected namely: early localized, early disseminated and late disseminated.
Early Localized Disease
The symptoms of this disease start after one to two weeks upon being bitten by the tick. Amongst all the other signs of having this disease, one symptom that appears before the others are those so-called “bull’s-eye rash” which means that bacteria is already in the bloodstream of the host. This skin rash only appears on the site where the tick has bitten on the skin. When touched, the rashes are warm but not painful and is not itchy. These skin rashes typically come off after a span of four weeks.
The rash is called the erythema migrans which is one of the most known characteristics of Lyme disease. Although, not all victims of this virus do not display this type of symptom.
Early Disseminated Lyme Disease
This occurs after a few more weeks after the tick has already bitten onto the skin of their host. During this time, the bacteria already begins to spread to the entire body which poses flu-like symptoms like chills, headaches, fever, muscle aches, enlarged lymph nodes, fatigue, sore throat and change in vision.
During this period, the victim will generally feel sick. Rashes may start appearing around the area of the tick bite and there could also be signs of numbness and tingling in the head. At this stage, there may be other complications such as meningitis and cardiac disturbances.
Late Disseminated Lyme Disease
The infection reaches this stage when the symptoms from the first and second levels has not been dealt with properly. The symptoms for this stage of Lyme Disease are severe headaches, numbing of the limbs, arthritis, heart rhythm issues, mental fogging, brain disorders, difficulty in concentrating and memory loss.
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